Sunday, April 19, 2020
Magdalena And Balthasar The letters of Magdalena and Balthasar give us a glimpse into the lives of a merchant couple in 16th century Nuremberg, Germany. Renaissance Nuremberg was a city much like Florence, full of culture and based on a strong merchant economy. The only difference was that while Florence was predominately Catholic, Nurembergs residents were Protestant (Patrouch, 2-13-01). In this city, the plague ended the lives of thousands and this couple was alive to see the suffering it created. This caused two reactions in them. One was that of fear; a fear that they too would die from the plague and so they are both very careful with their health. The second was a vision of a God that could both punish and save them from damnation. In the letters of this book we discover how a Protestant couple in Renaissance Germany dealt with the illness and suffering that their loving God had bestowed upon them. Between 1560 and 1584, Nuremberg lost thousands of its residents to an epidemic that was sweeping Europe. This was the reason for the couples preoccupation with purgative health care methods such as periodic bleedings, salve solutions, and bathing and drinking spring waters such as those of Lucca, Italy. In the introduction of this book, Ozment states that Magdalena and Balthasar are devotees of purgative medicine, in search of effective prophylaxis against the ragging maladies and diseases of their age (Ozment, 14). Due to this fear of sickness and death, Magdalena and Balthsar are fanatics of the medical remedies of the time. Through these letters we can see that religion played a major role in the lives of the couple. As we read in the introduction, they seem to have a love-hate relationship with God, their Afflicter and Redeemer (Ozment, 14). Throughout their letters we will discover the strong beliefs that this couple had in the medicine of their time and the God that they both feared and loved. Magdalena is the one who was exposed most to this deterioration that was occurring in Nuremberg. Numerous times she remorsefully mentioned the news of a lost friend or relative in her letters to Balthasar. Once while Balthasar was in Altdorf Magdalena wrote, I must report to you a death among our friends in every letter I write; I wish it were not so (M. Paumgartner, 113). Even though this is a happy time in their lives because she has just found out that they will have a child, they are not sure whether this is a blessing or a curse, for now there is one more of them at risk. And later we learn that this epidemic did not discriminate the old or young and even little Balthasar dies at the young age of 10. While away in Ausburg, Balthasar receives news that little Balthasar was very ill. Magdalena wrote, I long for you under this cross which God has made us bear by afflicting little Balthasar. She goes on to say, May eternal God add his grace to the medicine, so that little Balthasar will have recovered by the time you return. (M. Paumgartner, 98). This is a perfect example of the vision the couple had of God. Even though He was the merciless God that had bestowed such a horrible sickness on their boy, He was also the all- powerful God that could remove it and restore the health of their only son. This is the love-hate relationship that Ozment mentions in his introduction. The couple loved God and constantly praise him throughout their correspondence but they never fail to recognize that He is the one who has created such suffering for them. In a letter to Balthasar while away in Frankfurt Magdalena writes how little Balthasar definitely has a deformity in his neck. She says that she has just taken him to the doctor and he believes there is nothing that will cure him, the only thing that will help is some salve and she goes on to say, May God help make it work! (M. Paumgartner, 90). Statements like this display to us hope that Magdalena and Balthasar had in both God and medicine. In a letter from Balthasar to Magdalena, he says
Monday, April 13, 2020
Essay Topics For Tourism - How to Write the Best Essay TopicsThe topic of essays for tourism is one that is not very easy to find in the history of education. Why is this? It has to do with the basic needs of these subjects that should be completely kept out of the curriculum. If we were to make them so, then education would come to a standstill.You may have already heard that interest topics are usually done first in education, which makes sense, since they are of utmost importance. They ought to be an integral part of every subject and they should form a part of the reading material that students are required to use. Therefore, teaching them in essays for tourism is quite wrong, especially if you do not want to go in for a standard format. The students are just not capable of thinking about such subjects. If you put them in the essays, then they would be completely distracted and would not be able to think properly about the topic, because it is in such a context that they are requ ired to think.Even if you wish to use a formal style and let your students read the essays, you will find that it would not be too suitable. It would not be possible to have the student read the essay on his own. This is because they would not be able to understand it and would only be able to think about it, thus you will find them not thinking properly.When you are making these subject essays, then you will need to tell the students what you are trying to teach them, which is basically their background knowledge. You will also need to tell them what the purpose of their essays is, in other words how can they help in learning the subject.When they have answered all the questions to your satisfaction, you can then explain to them certain topics that are part of the curriculum of tourism. Then, you can provide the students with the necessary forms to be used while filling up the forms for completing their essays. You can even ask them to write a brief essay describing some of the imp ortant points in the subject and even give the students some tips. You will find this not too difficult for the students as they will just want to get something out of their education.After you have given them all the details that they need, you will be ready to start writing the essay topics. There are several ways in which you can do this. You can write the essay with the help of your teacher's or you can consult the internet and find the best essay topics for your student.The best option would be to follow the method that you found most suitable. Of course, you will have to make sure that the essay topics are written with the help of essay software that will help you design them easily. Once you have finished your assignment, then you can simply let the students mark them off as they want.